Analog Temperature Controller Circuit for Soldering Station

Figure 1. Analog Temperature Controller for Soldering Station

Figure 1. Analog Temperature Controller for Soldering Station

Temperature Controlled Soldering Station

With temperature control, we can take some benefits in soldering: lower cost for electric power, safer operation of soldering critical components from excessive heat, and longer life for the soldering tip. We can save the electricity power consumption up to 50% of the uncontrolled one. A high quality soldering tip, which can be expensive enough, often made from special alloy to make it more adhesive to the soldering tin. This expensive soldering tip often has lower melting point and can be easily eroded if get frequently over heated. Here we present the electronic circuit design for controlling the temperature of a soldering iron. Using analog thermocouple, operational amplifier integrated circuit (IC), and some discrete components, we can easily build a temperature controller which is simple, robust, and cheap.

How The Temperature Controller Works

The controller works by the mechanism of feedback. We measure the actual temperature, compare it with the reference or setting point, and take the action to make the actual temperature approach the desired value (the setting point/reference). We use the simplest form of controller system, a binary controller, which has discrete action: turning the heating filament on or off. When the actual temperature is lower than the set point, then the controller will turn on the filament, and turn it off when it get higher than the set point.

Figure 2. Schematic Diagram of Temperature Controller Circuit fo Soldering Station

Figure 2. Schematic Diagram of Temperature Controller Circuit for Soldering Station

The Electronic Circuit Design and The Schematic Diagram

The circuit is designed using K-type thermocouple as the sensor and LM324 op-amp as the controller circuitry. The sensor is capable of measuring temperature up-to 400°C, and it should be enough for soldering application. Normal soldering should be set around 300-400°C. The controller circuitry is composed by a sensor amplifier, reference circuit, comparator, and relay circuit. The monitoring of both set point and the actual temperature is done using an analog VU meter. See the schematic diagram of the circuit in the Figure 2.

3 Comments on Analog Temperature Controller Circuit for Soldering Station

  1. I made this CIRCUIT WITH SOME CHANGES AND WORKS PERFECTLY.
    THANKS FOR YOUR PUBLICATION, because it gave me HELP TO MAKE THE STATION I WANT.
    What i changed IS TO works with a display PANEL METER which measures temperatures at THE SET AND FINAL in C.
    I CAN SEND YOU A COPY IF YOU WANT.
    THANKS
    GEORGE

    • It’s a great news to hear that my design is useful, you can send the copy to my email: hamuro (at) vidisonic.com and let’s see if it will be useful for others to know.

  2. I build this project, but used LCD meters for indicating. The only thing I missed was a brief description to setup the system. For this disign: a double Hoera! (that is Dutch)
    Greetings from Gouda,
    HANSeR

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